New Research at CRH – Who are the Male Partners of Adolescent Girls and Young Women in Blantyre?

In Malawi, HIV prevalence in AGYW is four times higher than in their male counterparts. Sexual relationships with some male partners contribute to increased HIV risk among AGYW due to power differentials within relationships reducing AGYW’s ability to negotiate condom use; male partners’ increased exposure to HIV through their often larger sexual networks; and men’s reluctance to access HIV prevention, care, and treatment services. There is a need for data on the socio-demographic characteristics of male sexual partners of AGYW, the dynamics of their relationships with AGYW, their use of HIV prevention, care and treatment services, and strategies to effectively engage and link them to HIV services.

The IMEM project of College of Medicine in collaboration with the Centre for Reproductive Health embarked on a research study to characterize the male partners of adolescent girls and young women in Blantyre. The study is funded by the Centre for Disease Control (CDC). This is a cross-sectional study which employed quantitative and qualitative data collection methods to assess the profile and social and health-seeking behaviour of male sexual partners of adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) aged 15-24 in the district of Blantyre in Malawi.

The study was conducted in Blantyre District in Malawi from 1st July 2019 to 23rd August 2019.  The study was conducted in the urban-slum, urban middle class and rural areas of Blantyre district, Malawi, which has one of highest HIV prevalence in Malawi. The district has an estimated population of 1.1 million, of which 60% resides in the urban areas. The actual study sites were identified using systematic sampling from a list of townships or settlements within the three clusters in the catchment areas of the DREAMS project implemented by an organization called One Community. Three catchment areas were eventually sampled and these included Chileka for rural cluster, Bangwe for the urban-slum cluster and Zingwangwa for the urban middle class cluster.

Currently the data analysis for both the quantitative and qualitative data has commenced. The Study findings will be disseminated through local and international scientific conferences, HIV Prevention Technical Working Group and in peer-reviewed journals. A copy of the report will be shared with the College of Medicine Research and Ethics Committee (COMREC).

Data collectors leaving for field work DREAMs sept 2018
Data collectors leaving for the field

Improved Reproductive Health(RH) service provision and utilization

About CRH

The centre aims at providing leadership, training and research expertise in order to build the human capacity required to scale up the implementation of the national reproductive health program.

Contacts: Main Office

College of Medicine
Centre for Reproductive Health
P/Bag 360.
Chichiri, Blantyre 3.
Tel: 265 (0) 888 60 47 00

Email : pmhango@medcol.mw